Philosophy for Children
What is P4C?
P4C stands for Philosophy For Children, and in our P4C sessions children are taught how to create their own philosophical questions. They will then vote one question to be the focus of a philosophical enquiry, for example: ‘Should dreams always come true?’ The children are then encouraged to debate, justify, reason and review within the enquiry.
The teacher supports these sessions as a facilitator, and supports the children in their thinking, reasoning and questioning, as well as the way that they speak and listen to each other in the dialogue. Beyond this, the dialogue is completely student led and provides an opportunity for them to develop their articulacy skills, as well as their understanding of the world as they see it.
The 4 C’s
Through P4C lessons children will develop the 4C’s: creative, critical, caring and collaborative skills.
Caring thinking – listening (concentrating) and valuing (appreciating)
Colloborative thinking – responding (communicating) and supporting (building on each other’s ideas)
Critical thinking – questioning (interrogating) and reasoning (evaluating)
Creative Thinking – connecting (relating) and suggesting (speculating)
P4C also specifically promotes the attributes of:
Curious - Children are encouraged to ask questions about the world we live in.
Independent – Children forward their own ideas, and argue their own reasoning, coming to conclusions on their own individually or as a group, in contrast to simply being told.
Articulate – Children share their opinions with each other, build upon each other’s ideas.
Reflective - After sessions children and teachers reflect on the quality of the thinking, reasoning and participation and suggest how they could improve.
More information and further reading on the subject can be found on the following websites.........